What is an Islamic Will?
Islam has strongly emphasized that each individual make a Will in his lifetime and have witnesses to it.
كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمْ إِذَا حَضَرَ أَحَدَكُمُ الْمَوْتُ إِنْ تَرَكَ خَيْرًا الْوَصِيَّةُ لِلْوَالِدَيْنِ وَالْأَقْرَبِينَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ ۖ حَقًّا عَلَى الْمُتَّقِينَ
It is prescribed for you, when death approaches one of you, if he leaves behind wealth, that he bequeaths unto parents and near relatives in goodness; (that is) a duty on those who safeguard themselves with full awareness of divine laws. Holy Quran, 2:180
The Prophet (saawa) has also strongly urged Muslims to do so. It is so much important, that when going to bed to sleep, it is recommended that the Will be kept under the pillow.
In these times, the Will has become extremely important. It avoids costs and complications for the heirs. It provides for the proper distribution of assets, properties and possessions, instruction for payment of debts, selection of an executor and appointment of a guardian for minor. Without a will, the state would step-in, distributing the wealth according to the state laws and the court would select an administrator for the estate and a guardian for children.
Not writing The Last Will and Testament, then, amounts to giving up your rights regarding your inheritance.
Muslim Congress is making a template of Islamic Will available for the benefit of believers. Private consultation by experts will also be made available to help momineen complete their “Will” according to their own situation.
What’s in the Will?
Please contact Muslim Congress’ legal department via email if you need help in completing your Will according to Islamic laws.
Credits: Muslim Congress is grateful to Moulana Anwer Ali of Islamic Research Institute, Jamaica, New York for putting together this document and allowing us to offer it to the community through our website. We are also grateful to the volunteers of The Islamic Center of MOMIN Irving, Texas who have worked hard to make this document available.